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  • Aichi Biodiversity Targets

    What does each target means
    Target1
    By 2020, at the latest, people are aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can take to conserve and use it sustainably.
    Target2
    By 2020, at the latest, biodiversity values have been integrated into national and local development and poverty reduction strategies and planning processes and are being incorporated into national accounting, as appropriate, and reporting systems.
    Target3
    By 2020, at the latest, incentives, including subsidies, harmful to biodiversity are eliminated, phased out or reformed in order to minimize or avoid negative impacts, and positive incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are developed and applied, consistent and in harmony with the Convention and other relevant international obligations, taking into account national socio economic conditions.
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    By 2020, at the latest, Governments, business and stakeholders at all levels have taken steps to achieve or have implemented plans for sustainable production and consumption and have kept the impacts of use of natural resources well within safe ecological limits.
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    By 2020, the rate of loss of all natural habitats, including forests, is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero, and degradation and fragmentation is significantly reduced.
    Target6
    By 2020 all fish and invertebrate stocks and aquatic plants are managed and harvested sustainably, legally and applying ecosystem based approaches, so that overfishing is avoided, recovery plans and measures are in place for all depleted species, fisheries have no significant adverse impacts on threatened species and vulnerable ecosystems and the impacts of fisheries on stocks, species and ecosystems are within safe ecological limits.
    Target7
    By 2020 areas under agriculture, aquaculture and forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity.
    Target8
    By 2020, pollution, including from excess nutrients, has been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity.
    Target9
    By 2020, invasive alien species and pathways are identified and prioritized, priority species are controlled or eradicated, and measures are in place to manage pathways to prevent their introduction and establishment.
    Target10
    By 2015, the multiple anthropogenic pressures on coral reefs, and other vulnerable ecosystems impacted by climate change or ocean acidification are minimized, so as to maintain their integrity and functioning.
    Target11
    By 2020, at least 17 per cent of terrestrial and inland water, and 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, are conserved through effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well connected systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, and integrated into the wider landscapes and seascapes.
    Target12
    By 2020 the extinction of known threatened species has been prevented and their conservation status, particularly of those most in decline, has been improved and sustained.
    Target13
    By 2020, the genetic diversity of cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and of wild relatives, including other socio-economically as well as culturally valuable species, is maintained, and strategies have been developed and implemented for minimizing genetic erosion and safeguarding their genetic diversity.
    Target14
    By 2020, ecosystems that provide essential services, including services related to water, and contribute to health, livelihoods and well-being, are restored and safeguarded, taking into account the needs of women, indigenous and local communities, and the poor and vulnerable.
    Target15
    By 2020, ecosystem resilience and the contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks has been enhanced, through conservation and restoration, including restoration of at least 15 per cent of degraded ecosystems, thereby contributing to climate change mitigation and adaptation and to combating desertification.
    Target16
    By 2015, the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization is in force and operational, consistent with national legislation.
    Target17
    By 2015 each Party has developed, adopted as a policy instrument, and has commenced implementing an effective, participatory and updated national biodiversity strategy and action plan.
    Target18
    By 2020, the traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, and their customary use of biological resources, are respected, subject to national legislation and relevant international obligations, and fully integrated and reflected in the implementation of the Convention with the full and effective participation of indigenous and local communities, at all relevant levels.
    Target19
    By 2020, knowledge, the science base and technologies relating to biodiversity, its values, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of its loss, are improved, widely shared and transferred, and applied.
    Target20
    By 2020, at the latest, the mobilization of financial resources for effectively implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 from all sources, and in accordance with the consolidated and agreed process in the Strategy for Resource Mobilization, should increase substantially from the current levels. This target will be subject to changes contingent to resource needs assessments to be developed and reported by Parties.
  • Organisation type

Clear
  • Resources type

  • Region

  • Landscape type

  • Sustainable Development Goals

    What does each goal mean
    Goal1
    No poverty
    Goal2
    Zero hunger
    Goal3
    Good health and well-being
    Goal4
    Quality education
    Goal5
    Gender equality
    Goal6
    Clean water and sanitation
    Goal7
    Affordable and clean energy
    Goal8
    Decent work and economic growth
    Goal9
    Industry, innovation, infrastructure
    Goal10
    Reduced inequalities
    Goal11
    Sustainable cities and communities
    Goal12
    Responsible consumption, production
    Goal13
    Climate action
    Goal14
    Life below water
    Goal15
    Life on land
    Goal16
    Peace, justice and strong institutions
    Goal17
    Partnerships for the goals
  • Aichi Biodiversity Targets

    What does each target means
    Target1
    By 2020, at the latest, people are aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can take to conserve and use it sustainably.
    Target2
    By 2020, at the latest, biodiversity values have been integrated into national and local development and poverty reduction strategies and planning processes and are being incorporated into national accounting, as appropriate, and reporting systems.
    Target3
    By 2020, at the latest, incentives, including subsidies, harmful to biodiversity are eliminated, phased out or reformed in order to minimize or avoid negative impacts, and positive incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are developed and applied, consistent and in harmony with the Convention and other relevant international obligations, taking into account national socio economic conditions.
    Target4
    By 2020, at the latest, Governments, business and stakeholders at all levels have taken steps to achieve or have implemented plans for sustainable production and consumption and have kept the impacts of use of natural resources well within safe ecological limits.
    Target5
    By 2020, the rate of loss of all natural habitats, including forests, is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero, and degradation and fragmentation is significantly reduced.
    Target6
    By 2020 all fish and invertebrate stocks and aquatic plants are managed and harvested sustainably, legally and applying ecosystem based approaches, so that overfishing is avoided, recovery plans and measures are in place for all depleted species, fisheries have no significant adverse impacts on threatened species and vulnerable ecosystems and the impacts of fisheries on stocks, species and ecosystems are within safe ecological limits.
    Target7
    By 2020 areas under agriculture, aquaculture and forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity.
    Target8
    By 2020, pollution, including from excess nutrients, has been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity.
    Target9
    By 2020, invasive alien species and pathways are identified and prioritized, priority species are controlled or eradicated, and measures are in place to manage pathways to prevent their introduction and establishment.
    Target10
    By 2015, the multiple anthropogenic pressures on coral reefs, and other vulnerable ecosystems impacted by climate change or ocean acidification are minimized, so as to maintain their integrity and functioning.
    Target11
    By 2020, at least 17 per cent of terrestrial and inland water, and 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, are conserved through effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well connected systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, and integrated into the wider landscapes and seascapes.
    Target12
    By 2020 the extinction of known threatened species has been prevented and their conservation status, particularly of those most in decline, has been improved and sustained.
    Target13
    By 2020, the genetic diversity of cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and of wild relatives, including other socio-economically as well as culturally valuable species, is maintained, and strategies have been developed and implemented for minimizing genetic erosion and safeguarding their genetic diversity.
    Target14
    By 2020, ecosystems that provide essential services, including services related to water, and contribute to health, livelihoods and well-being, are restored and safeguarded, taking into account the needs of women, indigenous and local communities, and the poor and vulnerable.
    Target15
    By 2020, ecosystem resilience and the contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks has been enhanced, through conservation and restoration, including restoration of at least 15 per cent of degraded ecosystems, thereby contributing to climate change mitigation and adaptation and to combating desertification.
    Target16
    By 2015, the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization is in force and operational, consistent with national legislation.
    Target17
    By 2015 each Party has developed, adopted as a policy instrument, and has commenced implementing an effective, participatory and updated national biodiversity strategy and action plan.
    Target18
    By 2020, the traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, and their customary use of biological resources, are respected, subject to national legislation and relevant international obligations, and fully integrated and reflected in the implementation of the Convention with the full and effective participation of indigenous and local communities, at all relevant levels.
    Target19
    By 2020, knowledge, the science base and technologies relating to biodiversity, its values, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of its loss, are improved, widely shared and transferred, and applied.
    Target20
    By 2020, at the latest, the mobilization of financial resources for effectively implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 from all sources, and in accordance with the consolidated and agreed process in the Strategy for Resource Mobilization, should increase substantially from the current levels. This target will be subject to changes contingent to resource needs assessments to be developed and reported by Parties.
Clear
8

2021 PHILIPPINES

Project title :

Institutionalising Indigenous Food Systems of the Sierra Madre Biodiversity Corridor and the North Philippine Sea Bioregion

Part of the coastline of Casiguran, Aurora
A woman using a small rake to gather shells to eat in a Seagrass and Mangrove intertidal ecosystem in Baler, Aurora
The members of the Maternal Ecohealth Community Working Group (MECWG) pose for picture with the Provincial Health Officer and Daluhay staff.
The Maternal Ecohealth Core Group (MECG) led the focus group discussions on resource mapping.
Maternal Ecohealth Core Group member (in gray) assisting fellow mothers during the CEPA campaign during the Maternal Ecohealth pilot project with Korea SHE Foundation in 2020.

Part of the coastline of Casiguran, Aurora

A woman using a small rake to gather shells to eat in a Seagrass and Mangrove intertidal ecosystem in Baler, Aurora

The members of the Maternal Ecohealth Community Working Group (MECWG) pose for picture with the Provincial Health Officer and Daluhay staff.

The Maternal Ecohealth Core Group (MECG) led the focus group discussions on resource mapping.

Maternal Ecohealth Core Group member (in gray) assisting fellow mothers during the CEPA campaign during the Maternal Ecohealth pilot project with Korea SHE Foundation in 2020.

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Organisation :

Daluhay Daloy ng Buhay, Inc (DALUHAY)

Project period :

March 2024 - March 2024

Project type :

Community / field-based implementation

Landscape type :

Landscape, Seascape

Related Sustainable Development Goals :
  • Zero hunger
  • Responsible consumption, production
  • Life below water
Related Aichi Biodiversity Targets :
  • By 2020, at the latest, people are aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can take to conserve and use it sustainably.
  • By 2020 all fish and invertebrate stocks and aquatic plants are managed and harvested sustainably, legally and applying ecosystem based approaches, so that overfishing is avoided, recovery plans and measures are in place for all depleted species, fisheries have no significant adverse impacts on threatened species and vulnerable ecosystems and the impacts of fisheries on stocks, species and ecosystems are within safe ecological limits.
  • By 2020, at least 17 per cent of terrestrial and inland water, and 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, are conserved through effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well connected systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, and integrated into the wider landscapes and seascapes.
  • By 2020, ecosystems that provide essential services, including services related to water, and contribute to health, livelihoods and well-being, are restored and safeguarded, taking into account the needs of women, indigenous and local communities, and the poor and vulnerable.
  • By 2020, the traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, and their customary use of biological resources, are respected, subject to national legislation and relevant international obligations, and fully integrated and reflected in the implementation of the Convention with the full and effective participation of indigenous and local communities, at all relevant levels.
Copyright BIP/SCBD

Overview

The Philippine Sierra Madre Biodiversity Corridor (SMBC) is a key conservation area, adjacent to the North Philippine Sea (NPS) marine bioregion. The Agta indigenous communities in the Philippines' northern Aurora Province heavily depend upon natural resources in the SMBC for nourishment through fishing in the area’s streams, farming, and gathering of non-timber forest products. In this high-biodiversity area, there have been illegal activities (e.g., logging, wildlife poaching, electric fishing and use of poison), overharvesting, and unsustainable agricultural practices (e.g., use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers) which have led to the loss of biodiversity in the past decades. The lack of appropriate resource management strategies and plans have also contributed to this decline.
Government efforts have not focused on planning for a nutritious diet and food security, which negatively affects community health and well-being. Several local and indigenous communities live in the target area, where they are vulnerable to inclement weather like typhoons. People commonly skip meals during bad weather because they cannot catch enough fish. This contributes to the high number of stunting and wasting cases among children in coastal communities, who also suffer from a lack of protein in their diet . This project aimed to address biodiversity depletion and chronic and acute maternal malnutrition in the indigenous communities in the area. Enabling leadership among mothers is intended to advance the sustainability of healthy food systems and healthy ecosystems, thereby helping ensure food security. The project contributes to the conservation and restoration of socio-ecological production landscapes and seascapes (SEPLS) by initiating efforts to restore degraded ecosystems within the ancestral domains of indigenous communities, including coastal waters. This will facilitate the sustainable delivery of ecosystem services not only for the indigenous communities, but also other surrounding communities.

To achieve the project aim, the following activities were conducted:

  • Formation of Maternal Ecohealth Core Group (MECG)
  • Training on maternal nutrition assessment and communication, education and public awareness (CEPA) for MECG members
  • Assessment of maternal nutrition for food systems planning
  • Awareness enhancement program on maternal nutrition
  • Identification of potential maternal ecosystem reserves (areas that ensure access and availability of protein sources for mothers)
  • Assessment of potential maternal ecosystem reserves
  • Formulation of maternal ecosystem reserve management and sustainable food systems plan
  • Lobbying for the institutionalization of the maternal ecosystem reserves

Key achievements

  • Considering the lack of a Philippine model for the Satoyama Development Mechanism, NGOs need additional resources to meet project goals. It is critical for NGOs in the Philippines to source complementary funding, particularly from local or national government agencies, which comes with bureaucratic challenges. This will optimize and augment the SDM project’s meager budget and ensure continuity, scaling up and mainstreaming of the initiative.
  • The project provided a unique SEPLS approach through formulation of indigenous women-led biodiversity conservation and restoration plans, as well as food systems that focus specifically upon maternal and early childhood health. Although there are many possible linkages between social and ecological systems, the focus on maternal health and their access to protein has been prioritized through the establishment of a maternal reserve, a community kitchen and food bank. This example of prioritizing specific goals under the SDM is based upon community-based data and needs.
  • Formation of the core group promoting the project goals can be built from what already exists. For example, the maternal Ecohealth Community Working Group was created from amongst the ranks of Barangay (village) health workers or leaders of the women’s group (SAKAILAP). This maternal core group will have common core values essential in promoting the project’s goals.

Lessons

  • Plan ahead to organize potential community development human resource support to respond to unforeseen challenges.
  • There is great potential to support positive change in the communities of women.
  • Linking maternal nutrition, biodiversity conservation/restoration and food security planning is of interest to branches of the Philippine government.
  • Some barriers to maternal protein provision can be addressed by dedicated area development and the empowerment of women, particularly when supported by the community.
  • The inclusive engagement of marginalized sectors at various levels, including those that are impoverished and have limited roles due to gender, can result in cultural shifts towards sustainability and improved health.

Project location

Organisation

Daluhay Daloy ng Buhay, Inc (DALUHAY)
Daluhay Daloy ng Buhay, Inc (DALUHAY)
Sector
Non-governmental / civil society
Country
Philippines
Website/SNS
https://daluhay.org/