Search

  • Project
  • Resource
  • Project type

  • Region

  • Landscape type

  • Sustainable Development Goals

    What does each goal mean
    Goal1
    No poverty
    Goal2
    Zero hunger
    Goal3
    Good health and well-being
    Goal4
    Quality education
    Goal5
    Gender equality
    Goal6
    Clean water and sanitation
    Goal7
    Affordable and clean energy
    Goal8
    Decent work and economic growth
    Goal9
    Industry, innovation, infrastructure
    Goal10
    Reduced inequalities
    Goal11
    Sustainable cities and communities
    Goal12
    Responsible consumption, production
    Goal13
    Climate action
    Goal14
    Life below water
    Goal15
    Life on land
    Goal16
    Peace, justice and strong institutions
    Goal17
    Partnerships for the goals
  • Aichi Biodiversity Targets

    What does each target means
    Target1
    By 2020, at the latest, people are aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can take to conserve and use it sustainably.
    Target2
    By 2020, at the latest, biodiversity values have been integrated into national and local development and poverty reduction strategies and planning processes and are being incorporated into national accounting, as appropriate, and reporting systems.
    Target3
    By 2020, at the latest, incentives, including subsidies, harmful to biodiversity are eliminated, phased out or reformed in order to minimize or avoid negative impacts, and positive incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are developed and applied, consistent and in harmony with the Convention and other relevant international obligations, taking into account national socio economic conditions.
    Target4
    By 2020, at the latest, Governments, business and stakeholders at all levels have taken steps to achieve or have implemented plans for sustainable production and consumption and have kept the impacts of use of natural resources well within safe ecological limits.
    Target5
    By 2020, the rate of loss of all natural habitats, including forests, is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero, and degradation and fragmentation is significantly reduced.
    Target6
    By 2020 all fish and invertebrate stocks and aquatic plants are managed and harvested sustainably, legally and applying ecosystem based approaches, so that overfishing is avoided, recovery plans and measures are in place for all depleted species, fisheries have no significant adverse impacts on threatened species and vulnerable ecosystems and the impacts of fisheries on stocks, species and ecosystems are within safe ecological limits.
    Target7
    By 2020 areas under agriculture, aquaculture and forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity.
    Target8
    By 2020, pollution, including from excess nutrients, has been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity.
    Target9
    By 2020, invasive alien species and pathways are identified and prioritized, priority species are controlled or eradicated, and measures are in place to manage pathways to prevent their introduction and establishment.
    Target10
    By 2015, the multiple anthropogenic pressures on coral reefs, and other vulnerable ecosystems impacted by climate change or ocean acidification are minimized, so as to maintain their integrity and functioning.
    Target11
    By 2020, at least 17 per cent of terrestrial and inland water, and 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, are conserved through effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well connected systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, and integrated into the wider landscapes and seascapes.
    Target12
    By 2020 the extinction of known threatened species has been prevented and their conservation status, particularly of those most in decline, has been improved and sustained.
    Target13
    By 2020, the genetic diversity of cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and of wild relatives, including other socio-economically as well as culturally valuable species, is maintained, and strategies have been developed and implemented for minimizing genetic erosion and safeguarding their genetic diversity.
    Target14
    By 2020, ecosystems that provide essential services, including services related to water, and contribute to health, livelihoods and well-being, are restored and safeguarded, taking into account the needs of women, indigenous and local communities, and the poor and vulnerable.
    Target15
    By 2020, ecosystem resilience and the contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks has been enhanced, through conservation and restoration, including restoration of at least 15 per cent of degraded ecosystems, thereby contributing to climate change mitigation and adaptation and to combating desertification.
    Target16
    By 2015, the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization is in force and operational, consistent with national legislation.
    Target17
    By 2015 each Party has developed, adopted as a policy instrument, and has commenced implementing an effective, participatory and updated national biodiversity strategy and action plan.
    Target18
    By 2020, the traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, and their customary use of biological resources, are respected, subject to national legislation and relevant international obligations, and fully integrated and reflected in the implementation of the Convention with the full and effective participation of indigenous and local communities, at all relevant levels.
    Target19
    By 2020, knowledge, the science base and technologies relating to biodiversity, its values, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of its loss, are improved, widely shared and transferred, and applied.
    Target20
    By 2020, at the latest, the mobilization of financial resources for effectively implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 from all sources, and in accordance with the consolidated and agreed process in the Strategy for Resource Mobilization, should increase substantially from the current levels. This target will be subject to changes contingent to resource needs assessments to be developed and reported by Parties.
  • Organisation type

Clear
  • Resources type

  • Region

  • Landscape type

  • Sustainable Development Goals

    What does each goal mean
    Goal1
    No poverty
    Goal2
    Zero hunger
    Goal3
    Good health and well-being
    Goal4
    Quality education
    Goal5
    Gender equality
    Goal6
    Clean water and sanitation
    Goal7
    Affordable and clean energy
    Goal8
    Decent work and economic growth
    Goal9
    Industry, innovation, infrastructure
    Goal10
    Reduced inequalities
    Goal11
    Sustainable cities and communities
    Goal12
    Responsible consumption, production
    Goal13
    Climate action
    Goal14
    Life below water
    Goal15
    Life on land
    Goal16
    Peace, justice and strong institutions
    Goal17
    Partnerships for the goals
  • Aichi Biodiversity Targets

    What does each target means
    Target1
    By 2020, at the latest, people are aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can take to conserve and use it sustainably.
    Target2
    By 2020, at the latest, biodiversity values have been integrated into national and local development and poverty reduction strategies and planning processes and are being incorporated into national accounting, as appropriate, and reporting systems.
    Target3
    By 2020, at the latest, incentives, including subsidies, harmful to biodiversity are eliminated, phased out or reformed in order to minimize or avoid negative impacts, and positive incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are developed and applied, consistent and in harmony with the Convention and other relevant international obligations, taking into account national socio economic conditions.
    Target4
    By 2020, at the latest, Governments, business and stakeholders at all levels have taken steps to achieve or have implemented plans for sustainable production and consumption and have kept the impacts of use of natural resources well within safe ecological limits.
    Target5
    By 2020, the rate of loss of all natural habitats, including forests, is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero, and degradation and fragmentation is significantly reduced.
    Target6
    By 2020 all fish and invertebrate stocks and aquatic plants are managed and harvested sustainably, legally and applying ecosystem based approaches, so that overfishing is avoided, recovery plans and measures are in place for all depleted species, fisheries have no significant adverse impacts on threatened species and vulnerable ecosystems and the impacts of fisheries on stocks, species and ecosystems are within safe ecological limits.
    Target7
    By 2020 areas under agriculture, aquaculture and forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity.
    Target8
    By 2020, pollution, including from excess nutrients, has been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity.
    Target9
    By 2020, invasive alien species and pathways are identified and prioritized, priority species are controlled or eradicated, and measures are in place to manage pathways to prevent their introduction and establishment.
    Target10
    By 2015, the multiple anthropogenic pressures on coral reefs, and other vulnerable ecosystems impacted by climate change or ocean acidification are minimized, so as to maintain their integrity and functioning.
    Target11
    By 2020, at least 17 per cent of terrestrial and inland water, and 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, are conserved through effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well connected systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, and integrated into the wider landscapes and seascapes.
    Target12
    By 2020 the extinction of known threatened species has been prevented and their conservation status, particularly of those most in decline, has been improved and sustained.
    Target13
    By 2020, the genetic diversity of cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and of wild relatives, including other socio-economically as well as culturally valuable species, is maintained, and strategies have been developed and implemented for minimizing genetic erosion and safeguarding their genetic diversity.
    Target14
    By 2020, ecosystems that provide essential services, including services related to water, and contribute to health, livelihoods and well-being, are restored and safeguarded, taking into account the needs of women, indigenous and local communities, and the poor and vulnerable.
    Target15
    By 2020, ecosystem resilience and the contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks has been enhanced, through conservation and restoration, including restoration of at least 15 per cent of degraded ecosystems, thereby contributing to climate change mitigation and adaptation and to combating desertification.
    Target16
    By 2015, the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization is in force and operational, consistent with national legislation.
    Target17
    By 2015 each Party has developed, adopted as a policy instrument, and has commenced implementing an effective, participatory and updated national biodiversity strategy and action plan.
    Target18
    By 2020, the traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, and their customary use of biological resources, are respected, subject to national legislation and relevant international obligations, and fully integrated and reflected in the implementation of the Convention with the full and effective participation of indigenous and local communities, at all relevant levels.
    Target19
    By 2020, knowledge, the science base and technologies relating to biodiversity, its values, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of its loss, are improved, widely shared and transferred, and applied.
    Target20
    By 2020, at the latest, the mobilization of financial resources for effectively implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 from all sources, and in accordance with the consolidated and agreed process in the Strategy for Resource Mobilization, should increase substantially from the current levels. This target will be subject to changes contingent to resource needs assessments to be developed and reported by Parties.
Clear
8

2021 KENYA

Project title :

Marereni Community Blue Carbon Initiative Feasibility Assessment and Stakeholder Outreach

Mangrove forests in Marereni, Kilifi County, Kenya
Community awareness-raising meeting
Stakeholder analysis meeting
Mangrove planting with the local communities
Feasibility study in the mangrove forests

Mangrove forests in Marereni, Kilifi County, Kenya

Community awareness-raising meeting

Stakeholder analysis meeting

Mangrove planting with the local communities

Feasibility study in the mangrove forests

1 / 20
Organisation :

Community Based Environmental Conservation (COBEC)

Project period :

November 2021 - October 2022

Project type :

Research activities

Landscape type :

Seascape

Related Sustainable Development Goals :
  • Reduced inequalities
  • Climate action
  • Life below water
  • Life on land
  • Partnerships for the goals
Related Aichi Biodiversity Targets :
  • By 2020, at the latest, people are aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can take to conserve and use it sustainably.
  • By 2020, the rate of loss of all natural habitats, including forests, is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero, and degradation and fragmentation is significantly reduced.
  • By 2020, ecosystem resilience and the contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks has been enhanced, through conservation and restoration, including restoration of at least 15 per cent of degraded ecosystems, thereby contributing to climate change mitigation and adaptation and to combating desertification.
Copyright BIP/SCBD

Overview

The project site, Marereni ward, Kilifi Country, Kenya has a total of 28,701 inhabitants (KNBS, 2019), the majority of whom live below the poverty line. Their main socio-economic activities include rain-fed agriculture, tourism, fishing, livestock herding and casual employment in the salt processing industry. Salt is the major export product, and the industry creates most of the local community’s jobs . The area is endowed with mangrove forests, coral reefs and marine wildlife, among other resources. Since the last (2009) population census, there has been a significant increase in the number of residents. They have high rates of illiteracy, and they lack sustainable alternative livelihood options, which has led to overdependence on natural resources. This has caused alteration of mangrove forest ecosystems, diminishing fish breeding sites and decreasing fish stocks. Coupled with the increasing threat of climate change, these conditions leave the community vulnerable . Hence, mitigation strategies are required to restore and conserve natural resources and to raise awareness of roles, rights, and the importance of managing mangroves in a participatory manner.

The following objectives were set for this project:
1. complete a feasibility study focused on technical and socio-economic data gathering to assess the case for creating a community-led mangrove blue carbon initiative;
2. engage the local community and stakeholders in considering the different management options for their mangroves as a resource, focusing on generation of additional income from the sale of blue carbon credits; and
3. increase the local community’s awareness of the direct and indirect use value of the mangroves.

To achieve the objectives, the following activities were conducted:

  • mapping of existing mangrove extent, condition and biomass;
  • identification of mangrove restoration needs (sites & typology) intervention;
  • stakeholder analysis;
  • mapping of community mangrove forest use; and
  • outreach to increase community support for restoration and their understanding of the carbon project process.

Key achievements

  • The most important achievements were development of the concept note for a community blue carbon project. It was possible through assessment of the carbon sequestration capacity of the mangrove forest, mapping of mangrove forest degraded sites, and community mangrove forest uses. Technical advice from experienced partner organizations was critical.
  • Reformation of Magarini Community Forest Association (MCFA) was made possible through the resolution of conflicts among community groups which had previously led to the collapse of the association. Through this reformation, MCFA became a recognized body, by law, to represent the community in mangrove forest management and sharing of the benefits in the project area.

Lessons

  • Simplification of technical or scientific language for non-scientific people and local communities, as well as translation to the local language, significantly contributes to their understanding and acceptance of the project.
  • Setting up a strong community conflict resolution mechanism is essential for reforming a community with social conflicts, and enables the success of community projects.

Project location

Organisation

Community Based Environmental Conservation (COBEC)
Community Based Environmental Conservation (COBEC)
Sector
Non-governmental organisation
Country
Kenya
Website/SNS
https://www.facebook.com/cobeckenya/
https://cobec.or.ke/